Hierapolis, the famous white Cotton Castle as the Therapy and Healing center of the Romans known as

Sunset at Pamukkale Travetines

Pamukkale the so called "Cotton Castle" is a combination of an ancient site, Hierapolis, and a natural phenomenon made by the 17 hot springs which are around the particular place. Pamukkale is attracting many tourists from all over the world and people are swarming to this place in order to see the two places preserved over ages.

Pamukkale ( Cotton Castle )

The region of Denizli where travertines are situated is rich nature wise which is hosting 17 hot springs. It is estimated that deep in the earth right beneath Pamukkale and Hierapolis is a source of volcanic lava which is heating the water. This calcium rich water which is also rich with other type of minerals is cooling down while coming towards the surface and when its running down the hillside it leaves the calcium on the surface the beauty of the Calcium Whiteness is creating the famous travertines of Pamukkale. The waters temperature is changing from 35-100 C on the surface.


In Turkey there are many ancients sites and historical monuments because of its important location. The country kept always its importance during the history and all civilization left their traces on this part on Earth. Being a natural bridge between Europe and Asia Turkey hosted many empires such as the Byzantine and Ottoman Empire and served as a gateway for many important nations.

The site is an unique example of a Greco/Roman thermal installation which is constructed on a hill where all the valley can be seen. The therapeutic features of the waters were used at the various thermal complexes. There were immense hot basins and pools for swimming in use and in addition these hydrotherapy was accompanied by religious practices. One of the 12 Apostles, St. Philip lived in (80 A.D.) Hierapolis a certain period of time during the persecution time to the Christians.

Hierapolis is listed on the Unesco Heritage list.

Though there are not many information about Hierapolis it is known that it was founded in 190 BC by King Eumenes II of Pergamum. The city was named after the Queen of the Amazons, Hierapolis. Pamukkale, is situated on a 200 m hill (428 m sea level) and due to the fresh air which is breezing around over the hill and the hot water thermal sources the city became famous to get injured people healed.

Hierapolis has the largest ancient necropolis which extends over 2 km and the number of tombs found in the region are about 1600 and are estimated over 3000. Some of them can be seen at the Hierapolis museum as illustrate in the photographs above.

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