The nature has played here its masterpiece by shaping the volcanic eruptions with the help of wind, rain and erosion. It formed the landscape into a labirent of valleys and fairy chimneys. The rock formation named as the "fairy chimneys", in Turkish "Peri Bacaları", has a remarkable impact on the beautiful view over the area. As they were soldiers waiting and protecting the Land from their enemies for the first impact of enemies. There three non-active volcanos in the region, Mount Erciyes, Mount Hasan and Mount Melendiz.
The area is dating back to pre-historic times starting from Hatti culture (2500-2000 BC). Since Anatolian was always a gateway for trade and settlement center many civilization passed through this region like, Hittites, Assyrians, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians. In AD 17 the region became a Roman province, trade and military routes were built. The first Christian influence came during Byzantine time. Cappadocia thus became a melting pot, many variety of ethnic groups have influenced the culture and religious beliefs of the region.
Must see places in Cappadocia
* Göreme Open Air Museum
The Göreme Open-Air Museum is a World Heritage site which has the best collection of living quarters and chapels. It should be the first place to be visited by travellers in Cappadocia. It contains well worked out rock-cut churches, with astonisihing frescoes. The frescoes have impressive details which remained until today.
* Underground Cities
Beneath Cappadocia's rock formation there are the underground cities which gave living possibilities up to 10.000 people each of them. These cave cities were excavated in Hittite times, and expanded over the centuries. There are in total 36 underground cities in Cappadocia, the widest one is "Kaymakli Underground City", while the deepest is the "Derinkuyu Underground City". Derinkuyu is almost ten levels deep and has narrow passages connecting the floor tunnels. While exploring the underground cities, you will see stables which were used for animals, mini churches with altars and