Updated: Sep 18, 2021
Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most remarkable architectural buildings from medieval Europe. Italian call it as "Torre Pendente di Pisa". In addition to the tower the Square of Miracles is hosting the Cathedral and the Baptistery. It is a great experience to climb up the tower and its like falling in love the first time. Look around at the top of the tower and feel what people felt during medieval times.
Once you have admired the Tower of Pisa from all angles including taking picture of all type of positions, continue your visit to the other monuments in the Square. Along the way of the square, there is also the Cemetery, the Cathedral Museum and the Museum of the Synopsis.
Monuments of the Square of Miracles
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
The construction began in 1173 between the well known and important rivers Arno and Serchio. These rivers are located in the Tuscany Region. The bell tower was constructed on a white marble for the cathedral complex. Five years later, after the all most completed building series the tower's foundation had begun to settle unevenly. The reason for this was the dense mixture of clay, sand and shells. As a result, the tower had begun to tilt towards the south.
With a delay of about a century, caused by the war between Pisa an Genoa, the construction completed around 1370. Because of this delay the the foundation had the possibility to settle further. After several attempts of interfering the tower continued to subside at a rate of about 0,05 inches per year.
By 1990, it was leaning 5,5 degrees from the perpendicular. The same year particular year the tower was closed for visitors.
In 2001 it re-opened and sensors placed showed in 2008 that the subsiding had stopped.
The Cathedral of Pisa
Known as the Duomo, it resembles other early basilican churches. The construction of the masterpiece started in 1093 by architect Buscheto. The marble facades of the cathedral are remarkable which has long rows of columns. These columns are connected by arches and double aisles.The exterior of the construction has bands of red and white marbles. In addition, the ground storey is faced with wall relief by tiers of wall passages. The transepts, each with an apse at the end, were an advance on the simple basilican plan.
The cathedral is one of the important masterpiece of the Romanesque period.
The Baptistery of Pisa
It is devoted to St.John the Baptist and stands in front of the west facade of the Cathedral. Works for the Baptistery start in the middle of the 12th century as replacement of a previous Baptismal building. Diotisalvi the architect built it in Romanic style and was supposed to be a mix of Anastasis of the Holy Sepulchre and the Mosque of Omar.
It remained unfinished until the 14th century when Nicola Pisano modified it in "Gothic" style.