Silfra Fissure Diving between two Continents

The Silfra Fissure in Iceland

Silfra Fissure, diving between two continents

The Silfra Fissure, is known as one of the top dive or snorkel sites in the world. Diving here is a unique and extraordinary phenomenon on this planet because your diving between two continents. It is a Tectonic Fissure and is located in Iceland. The Silfra Fissure is actually a crack between the North American and Eurasian continents, which means that you dive or snorkel right where the continental plates meet and drift apart.


Silfra Fissure diving between two continents


More about Silfra Fissure

The Silfra Fissure is located in Thingvellir National Park of Iceland. The "Big Crack" is the first of the five sections of Silfra which is open to divers and snorkelers. There are three main dive sites: Silfra Hall, Silfra Cathedral and Silfra Lagoon. The most spectacular section is the Cathedral where the visibility is about 100 meters.


Sections of Silfra Fissure
Entrence of Silfra Fissure

This first section is 120 meters long and has the deepest area of the main fissure. The fissure drops 23 meters before it heads down under the rocks to a maximum deepness of 45 meters.


The second section is called the "Silfra Hall". This is the location where the fissure first widens out and opens into a zone which is 10 meter deep and 50 meters long. From here you will move in to the Cathedral Zone of the fissure, which is the most awesome place. 100 meters in length and 20 meters of deepness. At this point you will see and feel where the name comes from.


Silfra Fissure, diving experience between two continents

While entering the Cathedral Zone it is possible to see the end. The water is so clear that the visibility is over 100 m. The reasons for this water clarity are, first, the water is cold (2°C – 4°C year round ) as it is glacial water from the nearby Langjökull. Secondly, this water is filtered through porous underground lava for 30-100 years until it reaches the north end of Thingvellir lake.The Silfra water is as pure as water can get and you can drink it at anytime during your dive or snorkel.


Touching two continents underwater, silfra fissure

Underwater visibility Record is hold by Silfra Fissure.



Silfra Lagoon, offers a more clear and fascinating view of visibility which is reaching up to 120 m. The water color here in this section is more turquoise which is changing from deep blue to the sandy bottom. Here snorkelers and divers swim along the lagoon to the end.



Fact of the Silfra Fissure

As a facts the fissure divides the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates, and widens by about 2 cm every year. Curiosity

The North American and Eurasian tectonic plates, and widens by about 2 cm every year


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