Updated: Sep 18, 2021
Though it is situated 80 km from from the Atlantic Ocean, Seville is the only city which has a port. The name of the river which crosses the city is called Guadalquivir River. Seville is a city which belongs to the Andalucia Region. This area is very rich in sense of architecture and culture. At the same time it is the capital of Andalucia.
Attractions in Seville
Plaza de Espana
Architect Anibal Gonzalez started in 1914 to design the buildings for the upcoming Ibero-American Exhibition which was held in 1929. About 1.000 workers helped him constructing the buildings where he was supervising every step. It was the most expensive and hard construction of the total complex. Seville was in very bad economical situation during the construction due to the Reconquista. The magnificent establishment which is used today as government offices is located in the Maria Luisa Park.
The architectural style of Plaza de Espana is Renaissance Revival.
Cathedral of Seville
The Cathedral was built to demonstrate the Sevillian Power and Wealth after the Reqoncuista which was in 1248. Seville became a major trading center hence it was decided to build a new cathedral.
The Cathedral is the 3rd largest church in Europe and the biggest in volume. Christopher Columbus' tomb is inside the Cathedral. At the same time you can see the statue of Columbus. A scene presented by figures where the four kingdoms of Spain are holding his tomb. The kingdoms during Columbus' life are Castille, Aragon, Navara and Leon.
The architectural style of the Cathedral is Gothic and Renaissance.
One of the most impressive monuments of Seville is the Alcazar Palace. The construction of the palace was ordered by Abd Al Ramn in 913. Alcazar looks like a Moorish palace because many of its beautiful rooms were built by Moorish workers.
The Alcazar is divided into sections of eras:
Moorish (11th-12th century),
Gothic (13th century),
Mudejar (14th century),
Renaissance (15th-16th century).
Because of its atmosphere and picturesque morish style, monarchs have chosen it as residence. Official Royal Majesty Juan Carlos is staying here when he is in Seville. Northwest African Muslims, Mixed Berber and Arab descent, are called Moor.
Giralda is the Icon of Seville. Moors constructed the tower as a Minaret which was of the Aljama Mosque in 1195. It was originally 76 m in height. After the reconquest of the city in 1568, Christians upgraded the tower with a bell and reaching a total height of almost 100 m. The tower is now the belltower of the cathedral and is a World Heritage by UNESCO.
Archives de Indies
The 16th century building has registered 80 million pages of documents and maps. The documentations are about the Indies which tells the history of Spain's Empire for the 16th-18th centuries. They are providing the most complete historical view of the Spanish administration of the named New World. The documents are open for public therefore it possible to see or do researches on the documents.